Tuesday, May 12, 2009

Corn Snake

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Corn snake
Conservation status
Least Concern(IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
E. guttata
Binomial name
Elaphe guttataLinnaeus, 1766
Pantherophis guttatusUtiger, et al, 2002
The corn snake (Elaphe guttata), or red rat snake, is a North American species of rat snake that subdue their small prey with constriction. The name "corn snake" comes from the fact that they have a maize-like pattern on their bellies. The Oxford English Dictionary cites this usage as far back as 1676. Corn snakes are found throughout the south-eastern and central United States. Their docile nature, reluctance to bite, moderate adult size 1.2 to 1.8 metres (3.9 to 5.9ft), attractive pattern, and comparatively simple care make them popular pet snakes. In the wild, they usually live around 15-20 years, but may live as long as 23 years in captivity. Like all rat snakes, corn snakes are non-venomous.
1 Subspecies
2 Natural habitat
3 Diet
4 Reproduction
5 As pets
6 Handling
7 Variations
7.1 Color morphs
7.2 Pattern morphs
7.3 Compound morphs
7.4 Intergrades
7.5 Hybrids
8 References
9 External links
There are two subspecies of Elaphe guttata:
The Common Corn Snake (Elaphe guttata guttata) lives in the southeastern United States, and is distinguished by having brownish-orange skin with orange/red saddles, the saddles having black borders, and usually a black and white underbelly.
The Great Plains Rat Snake or Emory's Rat Snake (Elaphe guttata emoryi) is found in the United States from Nebraska to Texas, and into northern Mexico.
Natural habitat
Wild Corn Snakes prefer habitats such as overgrown fields, forest openings, trees, and abandoned or seldom-used buildings and farms, from sea level to as high as 6,000 feet. They can be found in the southeastern United States ranging from New Jersey to the Florida keys and as far west as Texas.
In colder regions, snakes hibernate during winter. However, in the more temperate climate along the coast they shelter in rock crevices and logs during cold weather, and come out on warm days to soak up the heat of the sun, a process known as brumation. During cold weather, snakes are less active and therefore hunt less.

A Corn Snake swallowing a small mouse
Corn Snakes have a diet primarily consisting of rodents, mostly mice and rats, which they kill via constriction. They are proficient climbers and may scale trees in search of birds and bats. As litters of infant mice are difficult to find in nature, many neonate Corn Snakes are known to eat small lizards as their first meals, and anoles are the preferred choice.[citation needed] Some individuals retain these dietary tendencies well into adulthood.
Pet Corn Snakes are usually fed by their owners on a diet of commercially available rodents, predominantly mice, while younger and smaller specimens may eat live or dead rat or mouse pups of various sizes. Frozen mice are usually preferable, as live prey can possibly carry disease or injure the snake if it has not been raised on live prey.

Corn Snakes hatching from their eggs
Corn snakes usually breed shortly after the winter cooling. The male courts the female primarily with tactile and chemical cues, then everts one of his hemipenes, inserts it into the female, and ejaculates his sperm. If the female is ovulating, the eggs will be fertilized, and she will begin sequestering nutrients into the eggs, then secreting a shell.
Egg-laying occurs slightly more than a month after mating, with 12 to 24 eggs deposited into a warm, moist, hidden location. The eggs are oblong with a leathery, flexible shell. Approximately 10 weeks after laying, the young snakes use a specialized scale called an egg tooth to slice slits in the egg shell, from which they emerge at about 5 inches in length.
As pets
The Corn Snake was one of the first snakes to be kept in captivity by people, and remains one of the most popular. Large numbers are bred annually to ensure that there is a large captive-bred population, lowering the need to collect specimens from the wild. Cohabitation is inadvisable in captivity, as these are naturally solitary animals.
Keepers of Corn Snakes have emphasised a housing with no chance of escape. Corn Snakes are excellent escape artists and will often escape from any enclosure that is not properly fastened. More beginners lose their snakes to escapes than death. Corn snakes are good at climbing, squeezing out of very small holes, and can also use...(and so on) To get More information , you can visit some products about tall glass vases, quad antenna, . The Peacock light products should be show more here!

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